The population of Korea was 48,747 thousand in 2009, up 0.29 percent from 2008.
- The population aged 65 and over (5,193 thousand) occupied 10.7 percent of the total population, which continued an upward trend after the advent of aging society in 2000 (7.2 percent).
* Aging society: The population aged 65 and over occupies 7 percent to 14 percent of the total population.
The number of registrated foreigners was 871 thousand persons in 2009, 17 times higher than in 1990. Foreigners occupied 1.8 percent of the total population.
The number of households was 16,917 thousand in 2009, up 1.5 percent from 2008. One-person households occupied 20.2 percent of the total households.
- The households of 'married couples with children' accounted for 41.6 percent in 2009, recording a decrease from 41.8 percent in 2008. The number of household members per household was 2.76 persons in 2009.
* The share of one-person households: 15.6% (2000) → 20.0%(2005) → 20.2%(2009) → 20.3%(2010) → 21.6%(2020)
The number of marriages decreased from 327 thousand cases in 2008 to 309 thousand cases in 2009. The number of divorces increased from 117 thousand cases in 2008 to 127 thousand cases in 2009.
Hours worked per week marked 39.4 hours in 2008, down 4.1 hours from the previous year. Days worked per month marked 21.8 days in 2008, down 0.5 day from the previous year.
The average monthly salary of workers was 2,722 thousand won in 2008, rising 5.6 percent from 2007.
- As for the salary level by occupation, 'legislators, senior officials and managers' recorded the highest level (181.7) and 'elementary occupations' recorded the lowest level (52.5) considering the salary level of 'clerks' as 100.
81.9 percent of high school students entered college or university in 2009, up 15.3%p from 66.6 percent in 1999.
The number of elementary school students per teacher was 19.8 students in 2009. The number of middle school students per teacher was 18.4 students. The number of general high school students per teacher was 16.7 students. The number of elementary school students per teacher recorded 'under 20 students' for the first time.
- The number of elementary school students per class was 27.8 students, which continued a downward trend from 2000. The number of middle school students per class was 34.4 students, which continued a downward trend from 2000.
* The number of middle school students and high school students per teacher had recorded 'under 20 students' since 2001.
In 2008, 139.5 people per 100,000 Koreans died of malignant neoplasms (cancer), which was the first leading cause of death. This figure was followed by cerebrovascular diseases (56.5 persons per 100,000 Koreans), heart diseases (43.4 persons per 100,000 Koreans) and intentional self-harm (suicide) (26.0 persons per 100,000 Koreans).
- 18.4 people per 100,000 Koreans died of cancer, which was the seventh leading cause of death in 1998. Meanwhile, cerebrovascular diseases and transport accidents marked a significant decrease of 17.1 persons and 10.9 persons per 100,000 Koreans, respectively, compared to ten years ago.
In 2008, 29.9 persons per 100,000 Koreans died of lung cancer, followed by liver cancer (22.9 persons per 100,000 Koreans) and stomach cancer (20.9 persons per 100,000 Koreans).
- Stomach cancer showed a decrease of 2.9 persons from 1998, when it was the first leading cause of cancer death. Meanwhile, lung cancer showed an increase of 9.4 persons from 1998.
6. Housing and Transportation
The number of housing units was 371 thousand units in 2008, down 33.3 percent from 556 thousand units in 2007. The decrease in the private sector (42.4 percent) was more significant than the decrease in the public sector (10.2 percent).
The housing purchase price indices recorded 101.5 in 2009, up 1.5 percent from 2008. The jeonse (deposit-based housing) price indices grew 3.4 percent from 2008.
- The housing purchase price indices and the jeonse price indices showed a steady upward trend. The purchase prices for row houses increased 1.8 percent, which was higher than that for apartments (1.6 percent) and that for detached houses (0.9 percent).
7. Housing and Transportation
The number of mobile phone subscribers recorded 98 persons out of 100 Koreans, which rose almost two times from 50 persons in 1999.
77.2 percent of Koreans aged 3 and over used the Internet in 2009, up 0.7%p from 76.5 percent in 2008.
- The number of Internet banking accounts was 59,210 thousand, which increased by 14 times from 4,090 thousand in 2000.
Beneficiaries of government employees pension occupied 27.2 percent of the total persons who joined government employees pension. Beneficiaries of national pension occupied 13.8 percent of the total persons who joined national pension. Beneficiaries of private school teachers pension occupied 12.2 percent of the total persons who joined private school teachers pension.
* Share of national pension beneficiaries: 5.8%(2000) → 10.3%(2005) → 13.8%(2008)
The payment for health care services amounted to 24,973 billion won in 2008, which rose 14.9 percent from 2007.
- The per capita payment for health care services amounted to 520 thousand won in 2008, which grew by 14.0 percent compared with 456 thousand won in 2007.
Basic livelihood security recipients totaled 1,529,939 persons in 2008, which occupied 3.2 percent of the total population.
89,605 thousand books were newly published in 2008, which fell by 21.7 percent from 114,406 thousand books in 2007.
48.8 percent of movie goers watched Korean movies in 2009, which showed an increasing trend from 42.1 percent in 2008.
The number of offenses recorded 2,189 thousand cases in 2008, up 11.3 percent from 2007. Major offenses such as theft, murder, rape and assault amounted to 439 thousand cases, up 3.9 percent from 2007.
The number of traffic accidents increased by 2.0 percent to 215,822 cases in 2008. The number of the deceased dropped, while that of the injured grew.
11. Government and Social Participation
The government expenditures (based on general account) totaled 196,871.3 billion won in 2009, up 9.6 percent from 2008.
- As for expenditures by function, general public administration occupied 21.1 percent, followed by education (19.3 percent), national defence (14.6 percent) and social welfare (10.4 percent). 'Environmental protection' and 'National land & regional development' marked the most significant increase compared to 2008.
The number of female members of national assembly was 41 persons in 2008, which accounted for 13.7 percent of the total national assembly members (299 persons). The share of female members went up by 11.7%p from 2.0 percent (6 female members) in 1988.