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Title : Why are there big differences between what people feel and what the NSO announces in relation to the unemployment statistics?
Writer : kosis관리자   
As being mentioned above at the section of the definitions, all people who don't have jobs should not be simply regarded as the unemployed persons. And the unemployment rate is simply an average concept. For the example, the annual average rate of unemployment was 4.1% in 2000, but if viewed in each local area, the rate was 6.4 % in Busan and 2.5 % in Jeju. In this case, these people who lives in Busan may feel that there is a big difference between the 4.1% of the unemployment rate announced by the government and the unemployment rate felt by themselves. Because of this kind of understanding, the difference between the official unemployment rate and the unemployment rate felt by people occurs.
And there are some of such opinions that the official unemployment rate doesn't reflect properly the real situation of the unemployment, because the underemployed persons and discouraged workers are not taken into account in calculating official unemployment rate. The underemployed persons can be defined as such people who, although they want to do more works than they are doing now, actually work less than normal working hours, because more works are not available to them. Discouraged workers are defined as those persons who wanted to work and were available for work during the reference week, but who, though looked for work within the previous 1 year, did not look for work during the reference week because they believed no suitable work was available(that is, on account of the labor market conditions). In terms of the international definitions of employment statistics, those who are underemployed are considered as the employed persons, and discouraged workers can be categorized as the economically non-active population. Those people all together can not be regarded as the unemployed persons. All those people can be considered surely as the reference data of the employment policy. The NSO understands well that the reference rata on those people are necessary. Nonetheless, there are no internationally recognized definitions for those people. Thus, many studies and researches which to make suitable definitions for those people in Korea are on the way.
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