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Title : Causes of Death Statistics in 2009
Writer : 관리자 Date : 2010-09-28

1. Deaths and crude death rates

The number of deaths was 246,942 persons in 2009, which rose by 829 persons (0.3 percent) from 2008.

The crude death rate marked 497.3 persons in 2009, which fell by 0.9 person (0.2 percent) from 2008.

< Table > Number of deaths and crude death rates (1983-2009)

(Unit: person, per 100,000 population, person, %)
Year Number of deaths Crude death rate Sex ratio (Males/Females) Average number of deaths per day
Both sexes Males Females Both sexes Males Females
1983 254,563 148,101 106,462 637.8 735.8 538.2 1.37 697
1989 236,818 137,528 99,290 557.9 643.9 470.8 1.37 649
1999 245,364 136,397 108,967 520.2 576.0 464.0 1.24 672
2000 246,163 136,486 109,677 517.9 571.9 463.3 1.23 673
2001 241,521 134,058 107,463 504.5 557.8 450.7 1.24 662
2002 245,317 134,742 110,575 509.7 557.9 461.2 1.21 672
2003 244,506 134,887 109,619 506.1 556.6 455.4 1.22 670
2004 244,217 135,218 108,999 503.7 556.1 451.0 1.23 667
2005 243,883 134,382 109,501 501.0 550.5 451.1 1.22 668
2006 242,266 133,725 108,541 495.6 545.7 445.2 1.23 664
2007 244,874 134,922 109,952 498.4 547.9 448.7 1.22 671
2008 246,113 136,932 109,181 498.2 553.1 443.0 1.25 672
2009 246,942 137,736 109,206 497.3 553.7 440.7 1.26 677
From 2008 Change 829 804 25 -0.9 0.6 -2.3    
Percentage change 0.3 0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.5    

2. Deaths and death rates by sex and age

The death rate for males in 2009 was 553.7, which decreased by 0.9 percent from 2008. The death rate for females was 440.7, which decreased by 2.3 percent from 2008.

The death rate for those in their thirties grew 6.9 percent from 2008. The death rate for those aged 10 to 19 grew 5.5 percent from 2008.

The death rate for those aged 80 or more dropped 6.1 percent from 2008. The death rate for those aged 1 to 9 fell 3.1 percent from 2008.

3. Leading causes of death

The ten leading causes of death were malignant neoplasms, cerebrovascular diseases, heart diseases, suicides, diabetes, transport accidents, chronic lower respiratory diseases, liver diseases, pneumonia and hypertensive diseases. These ten causes of death occupied 70.9 percent of all deaths.

The death rate for suicides and pneumonia increased by 19.3 percent and 15.2 percent, respectively. The death rate for cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes decreased by 8.0 percent and 5.1 percent, respectively.

Transport accidents were the leading cause of death for those aged 1 to 9. Suicides were the leading cause of death for those aged 10 to 39. Malignant neoplasms were the leading cause of death for those aged 40 or more.

< Table > Leading causes of death (1999-2009)

(Unit: per 100,000 population, person, %)
Rank 1999 2008 2009
Causes of death Death rate Causes of death Death rate Causes of death Number of deaths Percentage Death rate
1 Malignant neoplasms 114.2 Malignant neoplasms 139.5 Malignant neoplasms 69,780 28.3 140.5
2 Cerebrovascular diseases 72.9 Cerebrovascular diseases 56.5 Cerebrovascular diseases 25,838 10.5 52.0
3 Heart diseases 38.9 Heart diseases 43.4 Heart diseases 22,347 9.0 45.0
4 Transport accidents 26.2 Suicides 26.0 Suicides 15,413 6.2 31.0
5 Liver diseases 23.4 Diabetes 20.7 Diabetes 9,757 4.0 19.6
6 Diabetes 21.8 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 14.9 Transport accidents 7,147 2.9 14.4
7 Suicides 15.0 Transport accidents 14.7 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 6,914 2.8 13.9
8 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 13.7 Liver diseases 14.5 Liver diseases 6,868 2.8 13.8
9 Hypertensive diseases 7.5 Pneumonia 11.1 Pneumonia 6,324 2.6 12.7
10 Pneumonia 6.7 Hypertensive diseases 9.6 Hypertensive diseases 4,749 1.9 9.6

4. Infant mortality

The number of infant deaths was 1,415 persons in 2009, which declined by 165 persons from 2008.

The infant mortality rate (the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births) recorded 3.2 in 2009, which dropped by 0.2 (6.2 percent) from 2008.

< Table > Number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates (2005-2009)

(Unit: person, per 1,000 live births, person, %)
Year Number of deaths Infant mortality rate Number of live births
Both sexes Males Females Both sexes Males Females
2005 1,820 974 846 4.2 4.3 4.0 435,031
2006 1,707 958 749 3.8 4.1 3.5 448,153
2007 1,703 934 769 3.5 3.7 3.2 493,189
2008 1,580 842 738 3.4 3.5 3.3 465,892
2009 1,415 757 658 3.2 3.3 3.1 444,849
From 2008 Change -165 -85 -80 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -21,043
Percentage change -10.4 -10.1 -10.8 -6.2 -5.9 -6.6 -4.5

5. Perinatal mortality (provisional data)

Perinatal deaths (infant deaths of less than 7 days and fetal deaths of 28 weeks of gestation or more) were 1,503 in 2009.

Perinatal mortality rate in 2009 was 3.4 deaths per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths.

6. Maternal mortality

The number of maternal deaths (the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy) was 48 people. The maternal mortality ratio marked 10.8 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.

7. Suicide

The number of suicide deaths was 15,413 persons in 2009, rising 2,555 persons from 2008.

The suicide death rate was 31.0 deaths per 100,000 population, up 19.3 percent from 2008.

20.8 percent of all suicides occurred in May and June. This percentage was 11.8 percent higher than the average suicide rate between 2004 and 2008.

< Table > Number of suicide deaths and suicide death rates by sex (1999-2009)

(Unit: person, per 100,000 population, person, %)
Year Number of suicide deaths Suicide death rate Average number of suicide deaths per day
Both sexes Males Females Both sexes Males Females
1989 3,133 2,195 938 7.4 10.3 4.4 8.6
1999 7,056 4,953 2,103 15.0 20.9 9.0 19.3
2008 12,858 8,260 4,598 26.0 33.4 18.7 35.1
2009 15,413 9,936 5,477 31.0 39.9 22.1 42.2
Percentage change From 2008 19.9 20.3 19.1 19.3 19.7 18.5  
From 1999 118.4 100.6 160.4 107.5 91.0 146.8  

8. Alcohol-induced death

The number of alcohol-induced deaths was 4,430 deaths in 2009. The alcohol-induced death rate recorded 8.9 deaths per 100,000 population, falling by 0.5 death (5.1 percent) from 2008.

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