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  • Economic and Financial Data of Korea
  • The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund`s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board(DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and statistical standards to which Korea has committed, please click on the link of each data
  • Date of last update : 21/Oct/2020
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the data are not seasonally adjusted.
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the data are final when first released.
  • Real Sector
    • Real Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to
      Country Data
      Period of
      Latest Data
      Latest Data Previous Data
      National Accounts         BOK
      * Gross Domestic Product (current prices) Billion won preliminary Q2/20 472,328.1 458,202.4  
      * Gross Domestic Product (chained 2015 year prices) Billion won preliminary, SA Q2/20 448,209.3 462,805.5  
      Production Index 2015=100 Aug/20 p99.6 p107.9 KOSIS
      Forward-looking indicators          
      * Leading composite Indexannotation01 2015=100 Aug/20 p121.2 p120.1 KOSIS
      * Business Survey Indexannotation02   Sep/20 64.0 66.0 BOK
      Employment persons Thousand persons Sep/20 27,011.7 27,084.7 KOSIS
      Unemployment rate percent (Seasonally adjusted)annotation17 % of labor force, SA Sep/20 3.9 3.2 KOSIS
      Wages/Earningsannotation03 2015=100 Jul/20 116.6 110.3 MOEL
      Consumer Price Index 2015=100 Sep/20 106.2 105.5 KOSIS
      Producer Price Index(PPI) 2015=100 Sep/20 103.4 103.2 BOK
                 
                 
                 
  • Fiscal Sector
    • Fiscal Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      General Government or public sector Operationsannotation04         MOSF
      * Revenue Billion won 2018 633,788.0 610,244.0  
      * Expenditure Billion won 2018 537,798.0 516,900.0  
      * Net operating balance Billion won 2018 95,990.0 93,344.0  
      * Net acquisition of nonfinancial assets Billion won 2018 37,139.0 45,857.0  
      * Net lending / borrowing Billion won 2018 58,851.0 47,487.0  
      Central Government Operations         MOSF
      * Revenue Billion won Aug/20 296,469.0 261,424.0  
      * Expenditure Billion won Aug/20 367,357.0 337,031.0  
      * Balance, Deficit/Surplusannotation05 Billion won Aug/20 -70,888.0 -75,607.0  
      * Financing Billion won Aug/20 70,888.0 75,607.0  
      Central Government Debt         MOSF
      * Total gross outstanding of the central government debt Billion won Q2/20 764,083.4 731,584.8  
      * Debt by original maturity Billion won Q2/20 764,083.4 731,584.8  
      * Debt by debt instrument Billion won Q2/20 764,083.4 731,584.8  
      * Debt by residency Billion won Q2/20 764,083.4 731,584.8  
      * Central Government guaranteed debtannotation06 Billion won Q2/20 14,600.0 14,800.0  
  • Financial Sector
    • Financial Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Survey)         BOK
      * Monetary aggregates(M2, broad, end of month ) Billion won Aug/20 r3,092,225.8 r3,083,834.8  
      * Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Aug/20 r3,505,512.8 r3,487,682.5  
      '- public sectorannotation07 (End of month) Billion won Aug/20 r-167,677.6 r-164,455.3  
      - private sectorannotation08 (End of month) Billion won Aug/20 r3,673,190.5 r3,652,137.9  
      * External position(Net foreign assets) Billion won Aug/20 r630,725.6 r622,612.0  
      - Gross foreign assets Billion won Aug/20 r959,142.1 r954,385.4  
      - Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Aug/20 r328,416.5 r331,773.3  
      Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank         BOK
      * Monetary base Billion won Sep/20 p216,862.6 r218,973.5  
      * Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Sep/20 p58,172.5 r-129,102.8  
      '- public sectorannotation07 (End of month) Billion won Sep/20 p27,731.9 r-217,654.3  
      - private sectorannotation08 (End of month) Billion won Sep/20 p30,440.6 r88,551.4  
      * External position (Net foreign assets) Billion won Sep/20 p421,723.5 r554,942.1  
      - Gross foreign assetsannotation09 Billion won Sep/20 p447,075.6 r606,858.3  
      - Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Sep/20 p25,352.1 r51,916.3  
      Interest Ratesannotation10         BOK
      * Bank of Korea Base Rate % per year Aug/20 0.5 0.5  
      * Interest rates on liquidity adjustment loan % per year Aug/20 1.0 1.0  
      * CBs & SBsannotation12 weighted averages of interest rates on time & saving deposits(newly extended) % per year Aug/20 0.8 0.8  
      * CBs & SBs weighted averages of interest rates on loans & discountsannotation13 (newly extended) % per year Aug/20 2.6 2.7  
      * Yields on Treasury bondsannotation14 (period average rates, a maturity of 1 years) % per year Aug/20 0.7 0.7  
      * Yields on Treasury bonds (period average rates, a maturity of 3 years) % per year Aug/20 0.8 0.8  
      * Yields on Treasury bonds (period average rates, a maturity of 10 years) % per year Aug/20 1.4 1.4  
  • External Sector
    • External Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      Balance of Payments (BOP)annotation15         BOK
      * Imports of goods and services US$ million Aug/20 41,221.2 44,240.0  
      * Exports of goods and services US$ million Aug/20 47,433.8 50,106.9  
      * Balance of primary income US$ million Aug/20 627.7 1,951.6  
      * Balance of secondary income US$ million Aug/20 -274.8 -366.7  
      * Capital Account US$ million Aug/20 2.1 0.9  
      * Financial Account US$ million Aug/20 4,840.8 9,586.1  
      - Reserves Assets US$ million Aug/20 -34.3 404.4  
      International Reserves (Official Reserve assets) US$ million Sep/20 420,545.1 418,950.8 BOK
      * foreign currency reserves US$ million Sep/20 407,569.4 405,940.0  
      * IMF Reserve Position US$ million Sep/20 4,342.6 4,402.4  
      * SDRs US$ million Sep/20 3,175.8 3,152.8  
      * Gold US$ million Sep/20 4,794.8 4,794.8  
      * Other Reserves Assets US$ million Sep/20 662.6 660.9  
      International Reserves and Foreign Currency liquidity US$ million Aug/20     BOK
      Merchandise Trade         KCS
      *Total exports (FOB value) US$ million Sep/20 48,040.7 39,533.6  
      *Total imports (CIF value) US$ million Sep/20 39,344.8 35,736.7  
      International Investment Position US$ million       BOK
      *Assets(A)   Q2/20 1,740,110.1 1,672,725.6  
      *Liabilities(B)   Q2/20 1,186,877.9 1,107,292.6  
      *Net International Investment Position(A-B)   Q2/20 553,232.2 565,433.0  
      Gross External Debt US$ million Q2/20 503,055.0 485,814.7 BOK
      (Population Projections for Korea) Thousand persons 2020 51,780.6 51,709.1 KOSIS
  • Footnotes (n.a - not available / p - preliminary / r - revised )
    • annotation01 The base year is changed from 2010 to 2015. From March 2018 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year.
    • annotation02 The Business Survey Index is calculated by the equation "BSI = ratio of corporations which answered positively less the ratio of corporations which negatively plus 100 ". The index above 100 indicates that the condition for businesses is positive, and below 100 indicates negative condition. From February 2003 the Business Survey Index is disseminated monthly.
    • annotation03 From April 2018 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year(2015=100).
    • annotation04 General Government Operations data began to be disseminated in 1997. Flexibility option is being taken for the timeliness of the General Government Operations category. With regard to General Government Operations, the data through 2011 had been compiled based on 1986 GFS while 2001 GFS has been adopted from 2012.
    • annotation05 The data means the balance including social security funds. The balance of the latest observation(Jul. 2020) excluding social security funds is -98,118 billion won.
    • annotation06 Not included in the Central Government Debt.
    • annotation07 "Domestic claims on the public sector " covers claims on central government, local government and social security organizations.
    • annotation08 "Domestic claims on the private sector " covers claims on domestic economy other than the public sector and depository corporations.
    • annotation09 It is impossible to break down the provisional statistics of the foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities, because they are estimated in terms of the increase or decrease in net foreign assets on the basis of bank foreign exchange receipts and payments statistics. But we can provide the final statistics of foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities.
    • annotation10 Daily data are disseminated on the Bank of Korea`s website.
    • annotation11 Data are monthly weighted average rates by trading volume.
    • annotation12 Commercial Banks & Specialized Banks (Excludes domestic branches of foreign banks).
    • annotation13 Interest rates are weighted averages on amounts of loans with banking funds (excludes overdrafts and revolving loans <minus loans >).
    • annotation14 There are no short-term government bonds issued in Korea.
    • annotation15 The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6). Positive figures in financial account represent increases in assets/liabilities, and negative figures represent decreases.
    • annotation16 The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6).
    • annotation17 Note that seasonal adjustment data has been changed since June 1999 as the seasonal adjustment factor was rewritten by adding the series for 2016.
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