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  • Economic and Financial Data of Korea
  • The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund`s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board(DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and statistical standards to which Korea has committed, please click on the link of each data
  • Date of last update : 21/Feb/2018
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the data are not seasonally adjusted.
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the data are final when first released.
  • Real Sector
    • Real Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to
      Country Data
      Period of
      Latest Data
      Latest Data Previous Data
      National Accounts         BOK
      * Gross Domestic Product (current prices) Billion won preliminary 3Q 2017 445,774.3 430,576.7  
      * Gross Domestic Product (chained 2010 year prices) Billion won advance 4Q 2017 391,622.5 392,515.7  
      Production Index 2010=100 Dec. 2017 110.0 113.1 KOSIS
      Forward-looking indicators          
      * Leading composite Indexannotation01 2010=100 Dec. 2017 134.1 133.7 KOSIS
      * Business Survey Indexannotation02   Jan. 2018 78.0 81.0 BOK
      Employment persons Thousand persons Jan/18 26,212.5 26,603.7 KOSIS
      Unemployment rate percent (Seasonally adjusted)annotation17 % of labor force, SA Jan/18 3.6 3.7 KOSIS
      Wages/Earningsannotation03 2010=100 Q3. 2017 127.0 118.3 MOEL
      Consumer Price Index 2015=100 Jan. 2018 103.5 103.0 KOSIS
      Producer Price Index(PPI) 2010=100 Jan/18 103.5 103.1 BOK
  • Fiscal Sector
    • Fiscal Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      General Government or public sector Operationsannotation04         MOSF
      * Revenue Billion won 2015 534,557.0 504,923.0  
      * Expenditure Billion won 2015 470,169.0 442,842.0  
      * Net operating balance Billion won 2015 64,388.0 62,081.0  
      * Net acquisition of nonfinancial assets Billion won 2015 44,885.0 41,284.0  
      * Net lending / borrowing Billion won 2015 19,502.0 20,797.0  
      Central Government Operations         MOSF
      * Revenue Billion won Nov.2017 375,562.0 350,697.0  
      * Expenditure Billion won Nov.2017 346,385.0 323,472.0  
      * Balance, Deficit/Surplusannotation05 Billion won Nov.2017 29,177.0 27,225.0  
      * Financing Billion won Nov.2017 -29,177.0 -27,225.0  
      Central Government Debt         MOSF
      * Total gross outstanding of the central government debt Billion won Nov.2017 634,162.0 629,363.0  
      * Debt by original maturity Billion won Nov.2017 634,162.0 629,363.0  
      * Debt by debt instrument Billion won Nov.2017 634,162.0 629,363.0  
      * Debt by residency Billion won Nov.2017 634,162.0 629,363.0  
      * Central Government guaranteed debtannotation06 Billion won Nov.2017 21,142.0 19,512.0  
  • Financial Sector
    • Financial Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Survey)         BOK
      * Monetary aggregates(M2, broad, end of month ) Billion won Dec. 2017 r2,530,353.6 r2,522,962.9  
      * Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Dec. 2017 r2,789,019.0 r2,777,989.6  
      '- public sectorannotation07 (End of month) Billion won Dec. 2017 r-148,408.4 r-145,576.7  
      - private sectorannotation08 (End of month) Billion won Dec. 2017 r2,937,427.4 r2,923,566.3  
      * External position(Net foreign assets) Billion won Dec. 2017 r547,441.2 r567,632.5  
      - Gross foreign assets Billion won Dec. 2017 r814,551.7 r846,434.6  
      - Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Dec. 2017 r267,110.5 r278,802.1  
      Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank         BOK
      * Monetary base Billion won Jan. 2018 p157,992.6 r155,881.0  
      * Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Jan. 2018 p-45,191.7 r-148,823.3  
      '- public sectorannotation07 (End of month) Billion won Jan. 2018 p-202,329.8 r-208,984.9  
      - private sectorannotation08 (End of month) Billion won Jan. 2018 p157,138.1 r60,161.5  
      * External position (Net foreign assets) Billion won Jan. 2018 p357,343.4 r456,837.8  
      - Gross foreign assetsannotation09 Billion won Jan. 2018 p381,319.4 r511,957.9  
      - Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Jan. 2018 p23,976.0 r55,120.1  
      Interest Ratesannotation10         BOK
      *Interest rates on bank intermediated lending support facility % per year Dec. 2017 0.5~0.75 0.5~0.75  
      * Overnight interbank call ratesannotation11 (weighted average rates by trading volume) % per year Dec. 2017 1.5 1.3  
      * CBs & SBsannotation12 weighted averages of interest rates on time & saving deposits(newly extended) % per year Dec. 2017 1.8 1.8  
      * CBs & SBs weighted averages of interest rates on loans & discountsannotation13 (newly extended) % per year Dec. 2017 3.6 3.6  
      * Yields on Treasury bondsannotation14 (period average rates, a maturity of 3 years) % per year Dec. 2017 2.1 2.2  
  • External Sector
    • External Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      Balance of Payments (BOP)annotation15         BOK
      * Imports of goods and services US$ million Dec. 2017 54,107.6 50,612.6  
      * Exports of goods and services US$ million Dec. 2017 58,553.5 58,807.5  
      * Balance of primary income US$ million Dec. 2017 581.2 -72.2  
      * Balance of secondary income US$ million Dec. 2017 -934.8 -695.1  
      * Capital Account US$ million Dec. 2017 -31.1 38.8  
      * Financial Account US$ million Dec. 2017 6,347.0 10,438.0  
      - Reserves Assets US$ million Dec. 2017 764.3 1,369.5  
      International Reserves










      (Official Reserve assets)
      US$ million Jan. 2018 395,754.6 389,266.7 BOK
      * foreign currency reserves US$ million Jan. 2018 385,316.7 378,975.3  
      * IMF Reserve Position US$ million Jan. 2018 1,634.3 1,621.1  
      * SDRs US$ million Jan. 2018 3,430.0 3,374.3  
      * Gold US$ million Jan. 2018 4,794.8 4,794.8  
      * Other Reserves Assets US$ million Jan. 2018 578.9 501.3  
      International Reserves and Foreign Currency liquidity US$ million Dec. 2017     BOK
      Merchandise Trade         KCS
      *Total exports (FOB value) US$ million Jan/18 49,223.1 49,040.1  
      *Total imports (CIF value) US$ million Jan/18 45,588.5 43,529.1  
      International Investment Position US$ million       BOK
      *Assets(A)   3Q 2017 1,389,394.7 1,339,431.7  
      *Liabilities(B)   3Q 2017 1,126,479.6 1,115,282.3  
      *Net International Investment Position(A-B)   3Q 2017 262,915.1 224,149.4  
      Gross External Debt US$ million 3Q 2017 409,127.3 407,340.7 BOK
      (Population Projections for Korea) Thousand persons 2018 51,635.3 51,446.2 KOSIS
  • Footnotes (n.a - not available / p - preliminary / r - revised )
    • annotation01 The base year is changed from 2005 to 2010. From February 2012 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year.
    • annotation02 The Business Survey Index is calculated by the equation "BSI = ratio of corporations which answered positively less the ratio of corporations which negatively plus 100 ". The index above 100 indicates that the condition for businesses is positive, and below 100 indicates negative condition. From February 2003 the Business Survey Index is disseminated monthly.
    • annotation03 From December 2010 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year.
    • annotation04 General Government Operations data began to be disseminated in 1997. Flexibility option is being taken for the timeliness of the General Government Operations category. With regard to General Government Operations, the data through 2011 had been compiled based on 1986 GFS while 2001 GFS has been adopted from 2012.
    • annotation05 The data means the balance including social security funds. The balance of the latest observation(Nov. 2017) excluding social security funds is -8,760 billion won.
    • annotation06 Not included in the Central Government Debt.
    • annotation07 "Domestic claims on the public sector " covers claims on central government, localgovernment and social security organizations.
    • annotation08 "Domestic claims on the private sector " covers claims on domestic economy other than the public sector and depository corporations.
    • annotation09 It is impossible to break down the provisional statistics of the foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities, because they are estimated in terms of the increase or decrease in net foreign assets on the basis of bank foreign exchange receipts and payments statistics. But we can provide the final statistics of foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities.
    • annotation10 Daily data are disseminated on the Bank of Koreas website.
    • annotation11 Data are monthly weighted average rates by trading volume.
    • annotation12 Commercial Banks & Specialized Banks (Excludes domestic branches of foreign banks).
    • annotation13 Interest rates are weighted averages on amounts of loans with banking funds (excludes overdrafts and revolving loans <minus loans >).
    • annotation14 There are no short-term government bonds issued in Korea.
    • annotation15 The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6). Positive figures in financial account represent increases in assets/liabilities, and negative figures represent decreases.
    • annotation16 The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6).
    • annotation17 Note that seasonal adjustment data has been changed since June 1999 as the seasonal adjustment factor was rewritten by adding the series for 2016.
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