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  • Economic and Financial Data of Korea
  • The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund`s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board(DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and statistical standards to which Korea has committed, please click on the link of each data
  • Date of last update : 29/May/2020
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the data are not seasonally adjusted.
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the data are final when first released.
  • Real Sector
    • Real Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to
      Country Data
      Period of
      Latest Data
      Latest Data Previous Data
      National Accounts         BOK
      * Gross Domestic Product (current prices) Billion won preliminary Q4/19 494,910.7 486,374.2  
      * Gross Domestic Product (chained 2015 year prices) Billion won advance estimate Q1/20 460,970.3 467,494.9  
      Production Index 2015=100 Apr/20 p101.9 p113.6 KOSIS
      Forward-looking indicators          
      * Leading composite Indexannotation01 2015=100 Apr/20 p118.4 p118.6 KOSIS
      * Business Survey Indexannotation02   May/20 53.0 51.0 BOK
      Employment persons Thousand persons Apr/20 26,562.1 26,609.3 KOSIS
      Unemployment rate percent (Seasonally adjusted)annotation17 % of labor force, SA Apr/20 3.8 3.8 KOSIS
      Wages/Earningsannotation03 2015=100 Mar/20 114.6 112.4 MOEL
      Consumer Price Index 2015=100 Apr/20 105.0 105.5 KOSIS
      Producer Price Index(PPI) 2015=100 Apr/20 102.1 102.9 BOK
                 
  • Fiscal Sector
    • Fiscal Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      General Government or public sector Operationsannotation04         MOSF
      * Revenue Billion won 2018 633,788.0 610,244.0  
      * Expenditure Billion won 2018 537,798.0 516,900.0  
      * Net operating balance Billion won 2018 95,990.0 93,344.0  
      * Net acquisition of nonfinancial assets Billion won 2018 37,139.0 45,857.0  
      * Net lending / borrowing Billion won 2018 58,851.0 47,487.0  
      Central Government Operations         MOSF
      * Revenue Billion won Mar/20 111,402.0 73,056.0  
      * Expenditure Billion won Mar/20 156,693.0 99,305.0  
      * Balance, Deficit/Surplusannotation05 Billion won Mar/20 -26,249.0 -26,249.0  
      * Financing Billion won Mar/20 45,292.0 26,249.0  
      Central Government Debt         MOSF
      * Total gross outstanding of the central government debt Billion won Q4/19 p701,866.0 694,434.0  
      * Debt by original maturity Billion won Q4/19 p701,866.0 694,434.0  
      * Debt by debt instrument Billion won Q4/19 p701,866.0 694,434.0  
      * Debt by residency Billion won Q4/19 p701,866.0 694,434.0  
      * Central Government guaranteed debtannotation06 Billion won Q4/19 14,760.0 149,024.0  
  • Financial Sector
    • Financial Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Survey)         BOK
      * Monetary aggregates(M2, broad, end of month ) Billion won Apr/20 p3,013,286.1 r2,986,838.8  
      * Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Apr/20 p3,430,575.8 r3,388,353.7  
      '- public sectorannotation07 (End of month) Billion won Apr/20 p-171,883.2 r-168,507.2  
      - private sectorannotation08 (End of month) Billion won Apr/20 p3,602,459.1 r3,556,860.9  
      * External position(Net foreign assets) Billion won Apr/20 p571,866.1 r590,401.5  
      - Gross foreign assets Billion won Apr/20 p941,026.1 r941,654.4  
      - Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Apr/20 p369,160.0 r351,252.9  
      Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank         BOK
      * Monetary base Billion won Apr/20 p200,543.2 r194,031.8  
      * Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Apr/20 p35,966.4 r-131,029.1  
      '- public sectorannotation07 (End of month) Billion won Apr/20 p18,568.1 r-210,766.4  
      - private sectorannotation08 (End of month) Billion won Apr/20 p17,398.3 r79,737.4  
      * External position (Net foreign assets) Billion won Apr/20 p376,195.7 r527,104.0  
      - Gross foreign assetsannotation09 Billion won Apr/20 p422,206.9 r578,931.7  
      - Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Apr/20 p46,011.2 r51,827.7  
      Interest Ratesannotation10         BOK
      * Bank of Korea Base Rate % per year Apr/20 0.8 0.8  
      * Interest rates on liquidity adjustment loan % per year Apr/20 1.5 1.5  
      * CBs & SBsannotation12 weighted averages of interest rates on time & saving deposits(newly extended) % per year Apr/20 1.2 1.3  
      * CBs & SBs weighted averages of interest rates on loans & discountsannotation13 (newly extended) % per year Apr/20 2.8 2.9  
      * Yields on Treasury bondsannotation14 (period average rates, a maturity of 1 years) % per year Apr/20 0.9 1.0  
      * Yields on Treasury bonds (period average rates, a maturity of 3 years) % per year Apr/20 1.0 1.1  
      * Yields on Treasury bonds (period average rates, a maturity of 10 years) % per year Apr/20 1.5 1.5  
  • External Sector
    • External Sector
      Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
      Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
      Balance of Payments (BOP)annotation15         BOK
      * Imports of goods and services US$ million Mar/20 47,980.0 44,483.8  
      * Exports of goods and services US$ million Mar/20 53,512.6 49,570.5  
      * Balance of primary income US$ million Mar/20 926.1 1,247.7  
      * Balance of secondary income US$ million Mar/20 -227.0 32.5  
      * Capital Account US$ million Mar/20 -20.1 -3.6  
      * Financial Account US$ million Mar/20 5,770.4 5,498.5  
      - Reserves Assets US$ million Mar/20 -8,920.9 -95.7  
      International Reserves (Official Reserve assets) US$ million Apr/20 403,982.3 400,214.4 BOK
      * foreign currency reserves US$ million Apr/20 392,153.2 388,542.9  
      * IMF Reserve Position US$ million Apr/20 3,198.9 2,780.2  
      * SDRs US$ million Apr/20 3,255.7 3,316.9  
      * Gold US$ million Apr/20 4,794.8 4,794.8  
      * Other Reserves Assets US$ million Apr/20 579.9 779.7  
      International Reserves and Foreign Currency liquidity US$ million Apr/20     BOK
      Merchandise Trade         KCS
      *Total exports (FOB value) US$ million Apr/20 36,550.0 46,352.8  
      *Total imports (CIF value) US$ million Apr/20 37,942.8 42,092.7  
      International Investment Position US$ million       BOK
      *Assets(A)   Q1/20 1,672,725.6 1,699,728.4  
      *Liabilities(B)   Q1/20 1,107,292.6 1,198,782.5  
      *Net International Investment Position(A-B)   Q1/20 565,433.0 500,945.9  
      Gross External Debt US$ million Q1/20 485,814.7 466,978.7 BOK
      (Population Projections for Korea) Thousand persons 2020 51,780.6 51,709.1 KOSIS
  • Footnotes (n.a - not available / p - preliminary / r - revised )
    • annotation01 The base year is changed from 2010 to 2015. From March 2018 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year.
    • annotation02 The Business Survey Index is calculated by the equation "BSI = ratio of corporations which answered positively less the ratio of corporations which negatively plus 100 ". The index above 100 indicates that the condition for businesses is positive, and below 100 indicates negative condition. From February 2003 the Business Survey Index is disseminated monthly.
    • annotation03 From April 2018 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year(2015=100).
    • annotation04 General Government Operations data began to be disseminated in 1997. Flexibility option is being taken for the timeliness of the General Government Operations category. With regard to General Government Operations, the data through 2011 had been compiled based on 1986 GFS while 2001 GFS has been adopted from 2012.
    • annotation05 The data means the balance including social security funds. The balance of the latest observation(Nov. 2019) excluding social security funds is -45,632 billion won.
    • annotation06 Not included in the Central Government Debt.
    • annotation07 "Domestic claims on the public sector " covers claims on central government, local government and social security organizations.
    • annotation08 "Domestic claims on the private sector " covers claims on domestic economy other than the public sector and depository corporations.
    • annotation09 It is impossible to break down the provisional statistics of the foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities, because they are estimated in terms of the increase or decrease in net foreign assets on the basis of bank foreign exchange receipts and payments statistics. But we can provide the final statistics of foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities.
    • annotation10 Daily data are disseminated on the Bank of Korea`s website.
    • annotation11 Data are monthly weighted average rates by trading volume.
    • annotation12 Commercial Banks & Specialized Banks (Excludes domestic branches of foreign banks).
    • annotation13 Interest rates are weighted averages on amounts of loans with banking funds (excludes overdrafts and revolving loans <minus loans >).
    • annotation14 There are no short-term government bonds issued in Korea.
    • annotation15 The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6). Positive figures in financial account represent increases in assets/liabilities, and negative figures represent decreases.
    • annotation16 The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6).
    • annotation17 Note that seasonal adjustment data has been changed since June 1999 as the seasonal adjustment factor was rewritten by adding the series for 2016.
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