Survey Outlines

  • Housing Census
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  • Overview
    • Overview
      Title Housing Census
      Type of statistics
      • Designated and surveyed statistics
      • Statistics on population and housing
      Purpose
      • To understand the characteristics of the size, distribution and structure of population and housing
      • To provide data required for establishing various policies
      • To provide sampling frame for various household-related surveys
      Periodicity Every 5 years
      History
      • Oct. 1, 1925 (Simple National Census) : The first Population Census
      • Oct. 1, 1930 (Joseon National Census) : Economic activities e.g. occupation were included for the first time
      • Oct. 1, 1935 (Joseon National Census)
      • Oct. 1, 1940 (National Census)
      • May 1, 1944 (Simple National Census)
      • May 1, 1949 (Population Census)
        • Changed the title of survey (Simple National Census → Population Census)
        • Included details of internal migration for the first time
      • Sep. 1, 1955 (Simple Population Census)
      • Dec. 1, 1960 (National Population and Housing Census)
        • Changed the title to「National Population and Housing Census」by including details related to housing for the first time with the support from UN Statistics Agency
        • 20% sample collection of details related to economic activities and childbirth capacity
        • Established the concept of labor force
      • Jun. 1962 : Approval of statistical production
      • Oct. 1, 1966 (Population Census) : Joint administration of 10% sampling survey (economic activities and childbirth capacity)
      • Oct. 1, 1970 (Population and Housing Census) : Joint administration of 10% sampling survey (details of economic activities, birth capacity, internal migration and housing)
      • Oct. 1, 1975 (Population and Housing Census) : Joint administration of 5% sampling survey (details of economic activities, birth capacity, population movement and housing)
      • Nov. 1, 1980 (Population and Housing Census)
        • Changed the reference date of survey (Oct.1 → Nov.1)
        • Joint administration of 15% sampling survey (economic activities, birth capacity and internal migration)
      • Nov. 1, 1985 (Population and Housing Census) : Administration of complete survey of the previous items to add items on surname, family origin and religion
      • Nov. 1, 1990 (Population and Housing Census)
        • Joint administration of 10% sampling survey (details of economic activities, birth capacity, internal migration, commuting and attending school and households)
        • Introduced OMR system of data input
      • Nov. 1, 1995 (Population and Housing Census)
        • Joint administration of 10% sampling survey (details of economic activities, commuting and attending school, internal migration and households)
        • Administered survey on empty houses by using empty house questionnaires
      • Nov. 2000 (Population and Housing Census)
        • Joint administration of 10% sampling survey (details of economic activities, population movement, the aged, informatization and households)
        • Introduced input methods by respondents for apartment areas
        • Introduced input method by local PC
      • Nov. 1, 2005 (Population and Housing Census)
        • Joint administration of 10% sampling survey (details of economic activities, internal migration, commuting & attending school, low fertility rate, the aged and a part of households)
        • Change in survey periods and workload of surveyors: change from the 10-day-long survey to the 15-day-long survey, and adjustment of workload per surveyor
        • Introduced a Web-based input system
        • Introduced an Internet-based survey system
        • Introduced training programs through the cyber space
        • Focused on low fertility rate, ageing and quality of residence
  • Data Provision
    • Data Provision
      Announcement method
      • Preliminary report: End of Dec. of the reference year
      • Complete survey result: Sep.~Oct. of the following year
      • Sample survey result: Dec. of the following year~July two years later
      Announcement periodicity Every 5 years
      Publication title Report on the Population and Housing Census
  • contact
  • Information Technology Service Team. Tel: +82.42.481.2318
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