(Population) Major Trends in Population (Kim Doo-sup, Hanyang University)
Beginning to decline after 2028, the Korean population is expected to decrease to 39.29 million people by 2067, similar to the population of 1982. The population of productive age has already begun to decline in 2017. Similar to the population decline of 1982, the Korean population is expected to decrease to 39.29 million people by 2067 by 2028. The population of the productive age has already begun to decline in 2017.
Korea's fertility rate has continued to decline sharply over the past half century, falling to a similar level to that of developed countries in the mid-1980s, and has maintained the lowest level of fertility in the world since the 2000s.
Korea's population is aging at the fastest pace in the world, and it is expected to reach a higher level than Japan and advanced Western countries in the early 2040s.
Life expectancy has become significantly higher than that of advanced countries. As the elderly population grows, the crude death rate and the number of deaths are on the rise. In addition, deaths from degenerative diseases such as cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular diseases, and pneumonia, as well as suicide, have increased.
Seoul's population is spreading to surrounding areas and the outflow of people from the Seoul metropolitan area is increasing. The main destinations for people leaving the capital area are South Chungcheong Province, Gangwon Province and North Chungcheong Province.
Starting with Busan, the population growth rate of large cities such as Seoul, Daegu, Daejeon, and Gwangju has entered negative (this seems strange. Please check the original language) territory. On the other hand, Sejong shows a high population growth rate.