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Economic and Financial Data of Korea

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund`s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board(DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and statistical standards to which Korea has committed, please click on the link of each data

Date of last update : 27/Feb/2024 updated

Unless otherwise indicated, the data are not seasonally adjusted.

Unless otherwise indicated, the data are final when first released.

Real Sector

Real Sector
Unit Description Observations Links to
Country Data
Period of
Latest Data
Latest Data Previous Data
National Accounts     BOK
* Gross Domestic Product (current prices) Billion won preliminary Q3/23 572,283.5 551,569.1  
* Gross Domestic Product (chained 2015 year prices) Billion won advance estimate SA Q4/23 503,433.7 500,277.3  
Production Index 2020=100 Dec/23 115.4 112.8 KOSIS
Forward-looking indicators      
* Leading composite Index01 2020=100 Dec/23 113.4 112.9 KOSIS
* Business Survey Index02   Feb/24 68.0 69.0 BOK
Employment persons Thousand persons Jan/24 27,743.0 28,093.0 KOSIS
Unemployment rate percent (Seasonally adjusted)16 % of labor force SA Jan/24 3.0 3.2 KOSIS
Wages/Earnings03 2020=100 Nov/23 104.5 107.0 MOEL
Consumer Price Index 2020=100 Jan/24 113.2 112.7 KOSIS
Producer Price Index(PPI) 2015=100 Jan/24 121.8 121.2 BOK

Fiscal Sector

Fiscal Sector
Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
General Government or Public sector operations(GFS '01)04     MOEF
* Revenue Billion won 2021 765,461 665,782  
* Expenditure Billion won 2021 726,025 670,419  
* Net operating balance Billion won 2021 39,436 -4,637  
* Net acquisition of nonfinancial assets Billion won 2021 45,883 47,746  
* Net lending / borrowing Billion won 2021 -6,447 -52,384  
Central Government Operations     MOEF
* Revenue Billion won Nov/23 501,462 468,163  
* Expenditure Billion won Nov/23 520,917 478,607  
* Balance, Deficit/Surplus05 Billion won Nov/23 -19,493 -10,444  
* Financing Billion won Nov/23 19,493 10,444  
Central Government Debt     MOEF
* Total gross outstanding of the central government debt Billion won Q3/23 1,099,561 1,083,350  
* Debt by original maturity Billion won Q3/23 1,099,561 1,083,350  
* Debt by debt instrument Billion won Q3/23 1,099,561 1,083,350  
* Debt by residency Billion won Q3/23 1,099,561 1,083,350  
* Central Government guaranteed debt06 Billion won Q3/23 10,510 10,460  

Financial Sector

Financial Sector
Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Survey)     BOK
* Monetary aggregates(M2, broad, end of month ) Billion won Dec/23 3,905,384.3 3,906,680.7  
* Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Dec/23 4,580,878.9 4,580,451.1  
- public sector07 (End of month) Billion won Dec/23 -87,718.7 -101,455.4  
- private sector08 (End of month) Billion won Dec/23 4,668,597.6 4,681,906.5  
* External position(Net foreign assets) Billion won Dec/23 717,769.5 708,478.4  
- Gross foreign assets Billion won Dec/23 1,086,413.8 1,088,309.5  
- Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Dec/23 368,644.3 379,831.1  
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank     BOK
* Monetary base Billion won Jan/24 268,294.3 274,077.0  
* Domestic claims (End of month) Billion won Jan/24 -47,493.4 -102,026.0  
- public sector07 (End of month) Billion won Jan/24 27,056.5 -210,468.4  
- private sector08 (End of month) Billion won Jan/24 -74,549.9 108,442.5  
* External position (Net foreign assets) Billion won Jan/24 402,354.5 591,130.1  
- Gross foreign assets09 Billion won Jan/24 445,653.5 641,074.3  
- Gross foreign liabilities Billion won Jan/24 43,299.0 49,944.2  
Interest Rates10     BOK
* Bank of Korea Base Rate % per year Dec/23 3.5 3.5  
* Interest rates on liquidity adjustment loan % per year Dec/23 4.0 4.0  
* CBs & SBs12 weighted averages of interest rates on time & saving deposits(newly extended) % per year Dec/23 3.9 4.0  
* CBs & SBs weighted averages of interest rates on loans & discounts13 (newly extended) % per year Dec/23 5.1 5.3  
* Yields on Treasury bonds14 (period average rates, a maturity of 1 years) % per year Dec/23 3.5 3.7  
* Yields on Treasury bonds (period average rates, a maturity of 3 years) % per year Dec/23 3.4 3.8  
* Yields on Treasury bonds (period average rates, a maturity of 10 years) % per year Dec/23 3.4 3.9  
       

External Sector

External Sector
Unit Description Observations Links to Country Data
Period of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
Balance of Payments (BOP)15     BOK
* Imports of goods and services US$ million Dec/23 64,895.0 62,704.8  
* Exports of goods and services US$ million Dec/23 70,397.0 67,372.1  
* Balance of primary income US$ million Dec/23 2,459.5 -116.6  
* Balance of secondary income US$ million Dec/23 -546.9 -660.0  
* Capital Account US$ million Dec/23 3.5 -11.5  
* Financial Account US$ million Dec/23 5,676.2 1,128.1  
- Reserves Assets US$ million Dec/23 1,395.7 617.7  
International Reserves (Official Reserve assets) US$ million Jan/24 415,758.8 420,147.9 BOK
* foreign currency reserves US$ million Jan/24 390,475.8 394,642.8  
* IMF Reserve Position US$ million Jan/24 3,231.2 3,279.5  
* SDRs US$ million Jan/24 14,935.6 15,082.1  
* Gold US$ million Jan/24 4,794.8 4,794.8  
* Other Reserves Assets US$ million Jan/24 2,321.5 2,348.8  
International Reserves and Foreign Currency liquidity US$ million Dec/23 BOK
Merchandise Trade     KCS
*Total exports (FOB value) US$ million Jan/24 54,700.3 57,573.2  
*Total imports (CIF value) US$ million Jan/24 54,372.5 53,122.9  
International Investment Position US$ million   BOK
*Assets(A)   Q4/23 2,287,113.0 2,204,285.2  
*Liabilities(B)   Q4/23 1,507,236.5 1,418,881.0  
*Net International Investment Position(A-B)   Q4/23 779,876.5 785,404.2  
Gross External Debt US$ million Q4/23 663,631.1 649,322.1 BOK
(Population Projections for Korea) Thousand persons 2024 51,751.1 51,712.6 KOSIS

Footnotes (n.a - not available / p - preliminary / r - revised )

  • 01The base year is changed from 2010 to 2015. From March 2018 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year.
  • 02The Business Survey Index is calculated by the equation "BSI = ratio of corporations which answered positively less the ratio of corporations which negatively plus 100 ". The index above 100 indicates that the condition for businesses is positive, and below 100 indicates negative condition. From February 2003 the Business Survey Index is disseminated monthly.
  • 03From March 2023 onwards, the data is disseminated according to the new base year(2020=100).
  • 04General Government Operations data began to be disseminated in 1997. Flexibility option is being taken for the timeliness of the General Government Operations category. With regard to General Government Operations, the data through 2011 had been compiled based on 1986 GFS while 2001 GFS has been adopted from 2012.
  • 05The data means the balance including social security funds. The balance of the latest observation(Feb, 2023) excluding social security funds is -70,595 billion won.
  • 06Not included in the Central Government Debt.
  • 07 "Domestic claims on the public sector " covers claims on central government, local government and social security organizations.
  • 08 "Domestic claims on the private sector " covers claims on domestic economy other than the public sector and depository corporations.
  • 09It is impossible to break down the provisional statistics of the foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities, because they are estimated in terms of the increase or decrease in net foreign assets on the basis of bank foreign exchange receipts and payments statistics. But we can provide the final statistics of foreign sector into sub-items such as foreign assets or foreign liabilities.
  • 10Daily data are disseminated on the Bank of Korea`s website.
  • 11Data are monthly weighted average rates by trading volume.
  • 12Commercial Banks amp; Specialized Banks (Excludes domestic branches of foreign banks).
  • 13Interest rates are weighted averages on amounts of loans with banking funds (excludes overdrafts and revolving loans <minus loans>).
  • 14There are no short-term government bonds issued in Korea.
  • 15The results of the implementation of the Balance of Payments Manual Sixth Edition (BPM6). Positive figures in financial account represent increases in assets/liabilities, and negative figures represent decreases.
  • 16Note that seasonal adjustment data has been changed since June 1999 as the seasonal adjustment factor was rewritten by adding the series for 2016.
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